2020 Stamp Programme
- 14 January 2020: Ludwig van Beethoven 250th Birth Anniversary
- 28 January 2020: Opening of Antarctica Bicentennial
- Date to be Announced: Cultural Epochs of Ukraine — The Scythians
- Date to be Announced: Military Formations of Ukrainian Revolution of 1917–1921
- Date to be Announced: Never Again 1939–1945 (To the memory of victims of the Second World War)
- Date to be Announced: L. Ukrainka 150th Birth Anniversary
- Date to be Announced: “Knights of the Spirit” — Activists of Ukrainian Human Rights Movement
- Date to be Announced: K.Osmak 130th Birth Anniversary
- Date to be Announced: Luminaries of Ukrainian Theatre
- Date to be Announced: N. Koperzhynska Birth Centenary
- Date to be Announced: Modern Units of the Armed Forces of Ukraine
- Date to be Announced: 5th Anniversary of the End of the Heroic Defense of Donetsk Airport
- Date to be Announced: The Beauty and Greatness of Ukraine
- Date to be Announced: Euro 2020
- Date to be Announced: Nationalities of Ukraine — The Germans
- Date to be Announced: Ecology
- Date to be Announced: Games of the XXXIIrd Olympiad — Tokyo 2020
- Date to be Announced: Lighthouses of Ukraine
- Date to be Announced: EUROPA — Ancient Postal Routes
- Date to be Announced: Jewelry (Ukraine / Kyrgyzstan Joint Issue)
- Date to be Announced: Ivan Franko Theatre Centenary
- Date to be Announced: Ukrainian Alphabet Series
- Date to be Announced: Birds of Prey
- Date to be Announced: Stained Glass Windows
- Date to be Announced: Ukrainian Cartoons — Mavka, Forest Song
- Date to be Announced: Collection of Botanical Garden of M.M. Gryshko
- Date to be Announced: Folk Costumes
- Date to be Announced: Happy New Year!
- Date to be Announced: Soils
Ukraine (Україна) is a country in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Russia to the north-east; Belarus to the north; Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west; and Romania, Moldova, and the Black Sea to the south. Ukraine is currently in a territorial dispute with Russia over the Crimean Peninsula, which Russia annexed in 2014. Including Crimea, Ukraine has an area of 603,628 km² (233,062 sq mi), making it both the largest country entirely within Europe and the 46th largest country in the world. Excluding Crimea, Ukraine has a population of about 42 million, making it the 32nd most populous country in the world. Its capital and largest city is Kiev. Ukrainian is the official language and its alphabet is Cyrillic. The dominant religion in the country is Eastern Orthodoxy.
The territory of modern Ukraine has been inhabited since 32,000 BC. During the Middle Ages, the area was a key centre of East Slavic culture, with the powerful state of Kievan Rus’ forming the basis of Ukrainian identity. Following its fragmentation in the 13th century, the territory was contested, ruled and divided by a variety of powers, including the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Russia. A Cossack republic emerged and prospered during the 17th and 18th centuries, but its territory was eventually split between Poland and the Russian Empire. After World War II the Western part of Ukraine merged into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and the whole country became a part of the Soviet Union as a single state entity. In 1991, Ukraine gained its independence from the Soviet Union in the aftermath of its dissolution at the end of the Cold War. Before its independence, Ukraine was typically referred to in English as “The Ukraine”, but most sources have since moved to drop “the” from the name of Ukraine in all uses.
Following its independence, Ukraine declared itself a neutral state; it formed a limited military partnership with Russia and other CIS countries while also establishing a partnership with NATO in 1994. In 2013, after the government of President Viktor Yanukovych had decided to suspend the Ukraine-European Union Association Agreement and seek closer economic ties with Russia, a several-months-long wave of demonstrations and protests known as the Euromaidan began, which later escalated into the 2014 Ukrainian revolution that led to the overthrow of Yanukovych and the establishment of a new government. These events formed the background for the annexation of Crimea by Russia in March 2014, and the War in Donbass in April 2014. On 1 January 2016, Ukraine applied the economic component of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area with the European Union.
Ukraine is a developing country and ranks 88th on the Human Development Index. As of 2018, Ukraine is the poorest country in Europe alongside Moldova in terms of GDP per capita. At US$40, it has the lowest median wealth per adult in the world, and suffers from a very high poverty rate as well as severe corruption. However, because of its extensive fertile farmlands, Ukraine is one of the world’s largest grain exporters. It also maintains the second-largest military in Europe after that of Russia. Ukraine is a unitary republic under a semi-presidential system with separate powers: legislative, executive and judicial branches. The country is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the GUAM organization, and one of the founding states of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).