Issue Date: 21 May 2021
Designer Artist: S. Ulyanovsky
Sheet Composition: 11 stamps + label
Stamp Size: 37 × 50 mm, sheet size: 168 x 177 mm
Printing Method: Offset + security system on chalk-surfaced paper
Perforation: comb 11¼ x 12
Quantity: 143,000 stamps
№ 2768. The Series “Nobel Prize Winners”. 100 Years Since the Birth of A.D. Sakharov (1921-1989), Scientist, Public figure
On May 21, a stamp dedicated to scientist and public figure Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov was published in the framework of the series ′′ Nobel Prize winners.
Andrey Dmitrievich Sakharov (1921-1989) was a Soviet physicist, academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, one of the creators of the Soviet hydrogen bomb, public figure and human rights activist, USSR People’s Deputy, Nobel Peace Prize winner, three times the Hero of Socialist Labor.
Born on May 21, 1921 in Moscow. In 1944 graduated from the Faculty of Physics of Moscow State University, then joined the graduate school of the Physical Institute named after him. Lebedev. He defended his candidate thesis. In 1948, he was enrolled in a special group and worked on the development of the thermal nuclear weapons until 1968, and participated in the design and development of the first Soviet hydrogen bomb. At the same time, Sakharov together with I. Tamm in 1950-1951 worked on the creation of a controlled thermal nuclear reaction. Sakharov belongs to the idea of magnetic cumulation to obtain super powerful magnetic fields. In 1953, he defended his doctoral thesis.
A. A. Sakharov also actively engaged in public, human rights and political activities: he advocated for the end of nuclear weapons tests, together with V. Chalidze and A. The Moscow Committee of Human Rights founded Solidok. In 1975, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for ′′ fearless support of the fundamental principles of human peace ′′ and for ′′ courageous fight against abuse of power and any forms of suppression of human dignity “. In spring 1989 he was elected MP. As a member of the Constitutional Commission, I proposed a new draft Constitution.
A portrait of A.D. Sakharov is shown on the stamp.
In addition to the release of the postage stamp, envelopes of the first day were published and a special harness for Moscow, St. Petersburg and Ulyanovsk were made.
Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (Андре́й Дми́триевич Са́харов, 21 May 1921 – 14 December 1989) was a Soviet and Russian nuclear physicist, dissident, Nobel laureate, and activist for disarmament, peace and human rights.
He became renowned as the designer of the Soviet Union’s RDS-37, a codename for Soviet development of thermonuclear weapons. Sakharov later became an advocate of civil liberties and civil reforms in the Soviet Union, for which he faced state persecution; these efforts earned him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975. The Sakharov Prize, which is awarded annually by the European Parliament for people and organizations dedicated to human rights and freedoms, is named in his honor.