FRANCE

EUROPA 2021 – Endangered National Wildlife

Release Date:  21 May 2021

 

  

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

Date of Issue: 21 May 2021
Illustration and layout: Broll and Prascida
Print process: heliography 15 stamps per sheet
Colors: black and green
Perforations: 13
Stamp size: 40.85 x 30 mm
Press Run: 720,000
Face Value: €1.50

First Day of Issue on Friday, May 21, 2021 in Strasbourg, Foundry Post Office, from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. and from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m., 1 rue de la Fonderie, 67074 STRASBOURG.
in Paris at Le Carré d’Encre, from 10am to 5pm, 13 bis rue des Mathurins 75009 PARIS
BROLL and PRASCIDA will host a signing session from 10:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. on Friday, May 7 (subject to health developments).
WATCH OUT! Philinfo’s May No. announces that the first day will take place on May 21, 2021 and not May 7 as originally announced followed by a general sale on May 25, 2021 and not May 10.
General sale on Tuesday, May 25, 2021

Sheet of 15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Day Cancellation – Paris

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Day Cancellation – Strasbourg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The stamp represents the Northern Lynx, the Vison of Europe, the Green Gecko of Manapany, the Mélibée butterfly, and the Iberian Bouquetin.

Eurasion Lynx

 

The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) is a medium-sized wild cat widely spread throughout Eurasia, in Northern, Central and Eastern Europe to Central Asia and Siberia, the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayas. It inhabits temperate and boreal forests up to an elevation of 5,500 m (18,000 ft). Despite its wide distribution, it is threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation, poaching and depletion of prey. Conservation efforts have been made through the extensive illegalization of lynx hunting across the territories where the species is observed.

The Eurasian lynx has a relatively short, reddish or brown coat, which tends to be more brightly coloured in animals living at the southern end of its range. In winter, however, this is replaced by a much thicker coat of silky fur that varies from silver-grey to greyish brown. The underparts of the animal, including the neck and chin, are white at all times of the year. The fur is almost always marked with black spots, although the number and pattern of these are highly variable. Some animals do also possess dark brown stripes on the forehead and back. Although spots tend to be more numerous in animals from southern populations, Eurasian lynx with heavily spotted fur may exist close to others with plain fur.

It has powerful, relatively long legs, with large webbed and furred paws that act like snowshoes. It does also possess a short “bobbed” tail with an all-black tip, black tufts of hair on its ears, and a long grey-and-white ruff. It is the largest of the four lynx species, ranging in length from 80 to 130 cm (31 to 51 in) and standing 60–75 cm (24–30 in) at the shoulder. The tail measures 11 to 24.5 cm (4.3 to 9.6 in) in length. On average, males weigh 21.6 kg (48 lb) and females weigh 18.1 kg (40 lb). Male lynxes from Siberia, where the species reaches the largest body size, can weigh up to 38 kg (84 lb) or reportedly even 45 kg (99 lb). The race from the Carpathian Mountains can also grow quite large and rival those from Siberia in body mass in some cases.

European Mink

 

The European mink (Mustela lutreola), also known as the Russian mink and Eurasian mink, is a semiaquatic species of mustelid native to Europe.

It is similar in colour to the American mink, but is slightly smaller and has a less specialized skull. Despite having a similar name, build and behavior, the European mink is not closely related to the American mink, being much closer to the European polecat and Siberian weasel (kolonok). The European mink occurs primarily by forest streams unlikely to freeze in winter.[5] It primarily feeds on voles, frogs, fish, crustaceans and insects.

The European mink is listed by the IUCN as Critically Endangered due to an ongoing reduction in numbers, having been calculated as declining more than 50% over the past three generations and expected to decline at a rate exceeding 80% over the next three generations. European mink numbers began to shrink during the 19th century, with the species rapidly becoming extinct in some parts of Central Europe. During the 20th century, mink numbers declined all throughout their range, the reasons for which having been hypothesized to be due to a combination of factors, including climate change, competition with (as well as diseases spread by) the introduced American mink, habitat destruction, declines in crayfish numbers and hybridization with the European polecat. In Central Europe and Finland, the decline preceded the introduction of the American mink, having likely been due to the destruction of river ecosystems, while in Estonia, the decline seems to coincide with the spread of the American mink.

Réunion Island ornate day gecko

 

The Reunion Island ornate day gecko or Manapany day gecko (Phelsuma inexpectata) is a critically endangered diurnal species of gecko. It occurs only on the island of Réunion in the Indian Ocean, typically inhabits trees, and feeds on insects and nectar.

This lizard is one of the smallest day geckos. It can reach a total length of about 12 cm at most. The body colour is dark green. Three red stripes extend from the snout to the neck. From behind the eye, a thick brown stripe and a thin green-white extend to above the front leg. The snout is partly dark blue. The back is covered with reddish-coloured dots, which are greatly reduced in females. The ventral side is off-white.

Mélibée butterfly

 

Coenonympha hero, the scarce heath, is a butterfly species belonging to the family Nymphalidae. It can be found in Central Europe, Northern Europe and North Asia. It resembles Coenonympha arcania. 

The butterflies fly in one generation from May to July.

The larvae feed on various grasses.

Iberian ibex

 

The Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica), also known as the Spanish ibex, Spanish wild goat, or Iberian wild goat, is a species of ibex endemic to the Iberian Peninsula. Four subspecies have been described; two are now extinct. The Portuguese subspecies became extinct in 1892, and the Pyrenean subspecies became extinct in 2000. A project to clone to the Pyrenean subspecies resulted in one clone being born alive in July 2003, making it the first taxon to become “un-extinct”, although the clone died a few minutes after birth due to physical defects in its lungs, therefore remaining extinct.

The Iberian ibex is characterized by its large and flexible hooves and short legs. These physical adaptations allow it to run and leap on bare, rocky, rough and steep slopes out of reach of potential predators. The horns of the Iberian ibex curve out and up and then back, inward, and, depending on subspecies, either up again or down. The annual horn growth is influenced principally by age but can also be contributed by environmental factors and the growth made in the previous year. The Iberian ibex also shows sexual dimorphism, with the male being larger in size and weight and also having larger horns than the female. The bones of the female ibex ossify nearly two years before the bones of the male.

 

SOURCES

IMAGES

Phil-Ouest 

ADDITIONAL INFO

Phil-Ouest

Wikipedia (various, linked above)

 

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