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21 December 2020

Coronation Day Anniversary 2020 Commemorative Stamps (2nd Series) — Royal Regalia

[postponed from 04 May 2020 2020]

Thailand: Coronation Day Anniversary 2020 Commemorative Stamps (2nd Series) – Royal Regalia, 21 December 2020. Images from Thai Stamp Museum.


Technical Specifications:

Issue number: 1189
Date of Issue: 21 December 2020
Denomination: 5.00 Baht (5 designs); originally announced denomination was 3 baht
Quantity: 500,000 pieces per design
Size: 36 x 51 mm. (Vertical) and 51 x 36 mm. (Horizontal)
Designs: The Royal Regalia as the symbol of the Kingship
5.00 Baht (Design 1): The Great Crown of Victory
5.00 Baht (Design 2): The Sword of Victory
5.00 Baht (Design 3): The Royal Sceptre
5.00 Baht (Design 4): The Royal Fan and Royal Whisk
5.00 Baht (Design 5): The Royal Upturned Slippers
Designer: Mr. Thaneth Ponchaiwong (Thailand Post Company Limited)
Printer: Royal Joh Enschede, Netherlands
Printing Process and Colour: Lithography Multi – colour on silver foil
Sheet Composition: 10 stamps
First Day Cover: 39.00 Baht

1189. ตราไปรษณียากรที่ระลึกวันฉัตรมงคล (ชุด2)
เป็นเครื่องหมายแห่งความเป็นพระราชา ซึ่งพราหมณ์ผู้ทำพิธีจะนำขึ้นทูลเกล้าทูลกระหม่อมถวาย ในวันที่ประกอบพระราชพิธีบรมราชาภิเษก
วันแรกจำหน่าย : 21 ธันวาคม 2563
ชนิดราคา : 5.00 บาท (5แบบ)
จำนวนพิมพ์ : แบบละ 500,000 ดวง
ขนาด : 36 x 51 มม. (แนวตั้ง) และ 51 x 36 มม. (แนวนอน)
ภาพ : เครื่องเบญจราชกกุธภัณฑ์ ซึ่งเป็นเครื่องหมายแห่งความเป็นพระราชา
5.00 บาท (แบบที่ 1) : พระมหาพิชัยมงกุฎ
5.00 บาท (แบบที่ 2) : พระแสงขรรค์ชัยศรี
5.00 บาท (แบบที่ 3) : ธารพระกร
5.00 บาท (แบบที่ 4) : วาลวิชนี
5.00 บาท (แบบที่ 5) : ฉลองพระบาทเชิงงอน
ผู้ออกแบบ : นายธเนศ พลไชยวงศ์ (บริษัท ไปรษณีย์ไทย จำกัด)
บริษัทผู้พิมพ์ : Royal Joh Enschede ประเทศเนเธอแลนด์
วิธีการพิมพ์และสี : ลิโธกราฟี่ – หลายสี บนฟอยล์เงิน
จำนวนดวงในแผ่น : 10 ดวง
ซองวันแรกจำหน่าย : 39.00 บาท

The royal regalia of Thailand (เครื่องราชกกุธภัณฑ์แห่งประเทศไทย) are objects accumulated by the kings of Thailand for use during their coronation ceremonies. Most were assembled around 1785 for the second coronation ceremony of King Rama I. The combination of these regal and practical objects, and their symbolism, trace back to the ancient Indian subcontinent and are replicated by many monarchies within the Greater Indian cultural sphere.

Nine-Tiered Umbrella

The Royal Nine-Tiered Umbrella (นพปฎลมหาเศวตฉัตร) is considered the most sacred and ancient of the royal regalia. The umbrella (also called a chatra) consists of many tiers, five for the crown prince (or the viceroy), seven for an unconsecrated king, and nine for a fully sovereign king. The shades are made of white silk trimmed with gold, attached to a gilded golden stem. The umbrellas are usually displayed above an important throne in the royal palace (similar to a baldachin). The umbrellas themselves are considered sacred objects and receive offerings from the king on the anniversary of his coronation day. There are currently seven such umbrellas, with six distributed at the various throne halls in the Grand Palace, and one in the Dusit Palace. Derived from ancient Hindu beliefs, the umbrella symbolizes the spiritual and physical protection the king can give to his subjects. The multiple tiers symbolize the accumulation of honour and merit the king may possess.

Great Crown of Victory

The Great Crown of Victory (พระมหาพิชัยมงกุฏ) is the principal item of the five traditional royal regalia of Thailand (เบญจราชกกุธภัณฑ์). The crown is of a distinctive Thai design called mongkut. This royal crown, unlike those in the West, takes the form of a tall conical tapering spire with ear pieces that hang to the sides. Made on the orders of King Rama I, the crown is over 66 cm (26 in) in height and weighs over 7.3 kg (16 lb). Made of gold, enameled and studded with diamonds and other precious stones, the crown is topped by a brilliant white diamond called the Phra Maha Wichian Mani (พระมหาวิเชียรมณี), bought and added later by King Rama IV.

Sword of Victory

The blade of the Sword of Victory (พระแสงขรรค์ชัยศรี) was supposedly found by a fisherman in the waters of the Tonlé Sap, Cambodia in 1784, and presented to King Rama I. He had a scabbard and hilt of gold made for the blade. Both are inlaid with diamonds and precious stones. The sword’s blade measures 64.5 cm (25 in) long, while the hilt measures 25.4 cm (10 in) long. When placed in its scabbard, the sword is 101 cm (40 in) long and weighs 1.9 kg (4 lb). The sword is an ancient symbol of sovereignty and military power. The king’s sword thus symbolizes his role as a warrior with a duty to defend his kingdom. This harkens back to ancient times, when the king was not merely a titular, but the actual warrior-in-chief of his subjects.

Royal Sceptre

The Royal Staff (ธารพระกร) is made of cassia wood covered with gold gilt. The staff is 118 cm (46 in) long, and has a knob at one end and three prongs at the other. The staff or sceptre is a symbol of regal authority in many cultures.

Fan and Flywhisk

The fan and fly-whisk (พัดวาลวิชนี และ พระแส้หางจามรี) are items used to comfort and cool, an important accessory for a divine king especially in a tropical country. The Royal Fan (พัดวาลวิชนี) was created by order of King Rama I. The fan is gilded with gold, the handle enameled in green and red. Traditionally a fan was made by bending a talipot palm’s frond at a right angle; the royal fan mimics this traditional form. The Royal Fly-whisk of the yak’s tail (พระแส้หางจามรี) was made in the reign of King Rama IV to augment the five items of the regalia. Evidently associated with the same idea of divine comfort as the fan, it is actually derived from the ancient chāmara of India. According to tradition, the fly-whisk was used by the king to repel any maleficent forces that might bring discomfort to his subjects. The hair on the royal fly-whisk has since been replaced by those of a white elephant.

Royal Slippers

The Royal Slippers (ฉลองพระบาทเชิงงอน) take the form of an open-heeled slipper with the front curling upwards into a point. The exterior is decorated with diamonds and jewels, the insoles are lined with red velvet, and the soles are made of pure sheet gold. Wearing footwear was rare in ancient Southeast Asia and was probably reserved only for royalty. The importance of royal footwear can be traced back to the epic Ramayana, when a pair of Rama‘s sandals was chosen by Bharata to govern the kingdom in his stead, after the former was forced into exile.

Royal Utensils

The Royal Utensils (เครื่องราชูปโภค) is a separate category of items. The four items are made of gold: the Betel Nut Set (พานพระขันหมาก), the Water Urn (พระมณฑปรัตนกรัณฑ์), the Libation Vessel (พระสุพรรณราช), and the Spittoon (พระสุพรรณศรี). By possessing such ordinary items, which were all made from precious materials, the king can show off his wealth and status to his subjects. The utensils are always placed at either side of the king’s throne during royal ceremonies. These items are of a personal nature, and are regarded as insignia of rank, not just for the king, but for his officials as well. Once an individual is given high rank by the king, a replica set of these items would be given to him on the occasion of his promotion.

Weapons of Sovereignty

The eight weapons of sovereignty (พระแสงอัษฎาวุธ) are: the Long spear (พระแสงหอกเพชรรัตน์), the Long-handled sword (พระแสงดาบเชลย), the Trident (พระแสงตรี), the Chakra (พระแสงจักร), the Short sword with Buckler (พระแสงเขนมีดาบ), the Bow (พระแสงธนู), the Elephant goad spear (พระแสงของ้าวพลพ่าย), and the Gun of Satong (พระแสงปืนคาบชุดแม่น้ำสโตง). Some of the oldest items of regalia in ancient India are weapons, the main four being the bow, the spear, the trident, and the chakra. The weapons are symbolic of the divine weapons of Shiva and Vishnu, mentioned in the Shatapatha Brahmana. The current set of weapons were all created during the reign of King Rama I, as reproductions of lost originals. Apart from the sacred weapons, the others are symbolic of the martial exploits of King Naresuan of Ayutthaya.

Full Sheets of 10 Stamps Each:

First Day Cover:

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