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Mongolia

04 June 2020

The Architecture of Mongolia

Mongolia: The Architecture of Mongolia, 4 June 2020. Images from Монгол шуудан and Delcampe.

Technical Specifications:

The Architecture Of Mongolia
2020/06/04
Type: stamp
Face value: 2000
Size: 40×50
Printing: offset
The number of stamps on the page: 20
Also, mini-sheet of 4 – size: 70×150

300 ₮ – Wedding Palace, Ulaan Baator

The large, white square building located just southwest of the Victims of Political Persecution Memorial Museum is called the Wedding Palace. Built in 1976 by the Russians, it has since been used for tens of thousands of wedding ceremonies, including the marital vows of a few foreigners.

400 ₮ – Mongolian State Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet

The National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet of Mongolia (also known as Mongolian State Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet) was established on 15 May 1963 as the State Musical Drama Theatre was split into the State Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet and the State Academic Drama Theatre upon the resolution 132/182 of 10 May 1963 by the Council of Ministers of the People’s Republic of Mongolia and the Central Committee of Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party. The State Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet held its opening ceremony on 18 May 1963 with Tchaikovsky’s Eugene Onegin.

500 ₮ – Choijin Lama Temple Museum, Perfect Benefit and Bliss Temple

The Choijin Lama Temple (Чойжин ламын сүм) is a Buddhist monastery in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia. The complex consists of six temples originally occupied by the brother of the ruler the Eighth Bogd Jetsun Dampa Khan, Choijin Lama Luvsankhaidav, who was the state oracle and ‘Precious Wisdom and Clear Devotion’ Khutugtu at the time. The complex was begun in 1904 and completed in 1908, in honor of the State Oracle Lama Lubsanhaidub, brother of the eighth Bogd Khan. The Choijin Lama Museum was originally a Buddhist temple complex, consisting of one main and five branch temples. It was active until 1937, when it was closed during the height of Communist repression against Buddhism and other religious traditions. In 1938 the complex was re-established as museum due to skillful efforts of wise people. This was how it was saved throughout communism.

The main temple features an 18th-century gilt statue of Buddha Sakyamuni with a statue of Choijin Lama Luvsankhaidav on the Buddha’s right and the embalmed corpse of Baldan Choephel on his left. In addition, the temple boasts a copious collection of religious instruments, thangka paintings, silk embroideries, wood carvings, statues, and a biggest collection of cham dance masks).

The annex to the temple contains another temple, named ‘Zankhang’ and a central square in which Choijin Lama Luvsankhaidav performed Oracle trance rituals.

The Zuu Te800 ₮mple, dedicated to the Buddha Shakyamuni features papier-mache sculptures of Buddha in the past, present, and future. The 16 arhat disciples of Buddha appear on the temple walls with four Maharajas protectors shown sitting in caves on either side of the door.

The Yidam Temple was used as a place of prayer by Choijin Lama Luvsankhaidav, and therefore closed to the public. In its center is a gilt bronze sculpture of one of the 84 Indian yogis, or Mahasiddha. Also depicted are the tantric gods Kalacakra, Mahamaya, Vajradhara and others with their shakti or consorts in postures of meditation that symbolize power and strength.

The fourth temple, the temple of amugulang or peace, is dedicated to the first Mongolian reincarnation of Boghda Jevzundamba, Undur Gegeen Zanabazar, (1635-1724).

800 ₮ – Mongolian Ger “ASEM”

A traditional yurt (from the Turkic languages) or ger (Mongolian) is a portable, round tent covered with skins or felt and used as a dwelling by several distinct nomadic groups in the steppes of Central Asia. The structure consists of an angled assembly or latticework of wood or bamboo for walls, a door frame, ribs (poles, rafters), and a wheel (crown, compression ring) possibly steam-bent. The roof structure is often self-supporting, but large yurts may have interior posts supporting the crown. The top of the wall of self-supporting yurts is prevented from spreading by means of a tension band which opposes the force of the roof ribs. Modern yurts may be permanently built on a wooden platform; they may use modern materials such as steam-bent wooden framing or metal framing, canvas or tarpaulin, plexiglass dome, wire rope, or radiant insulation.

The design of the Mongolian Ger developed from its ancient simple forms to actively integrate with Buddhist culture. The crown— тооно adopted the shape of Dharmachakra. The earlier style of toono, nowadays more readily found in Central Asian yurts, is called in Mongolia “sarkhinag toono” while the toono representing Buddhist dharmachakra is called “khorlo” (Tibetan འཀོར་ལོ།) toono. Also the shapes, colors and ornaments of the wooden elements—toono, pillars and poles of the Mongolian yurt are in accord with the artistic style found in Buddhist monasteries of Mongolia. Such yurts are called “uyangiin ger“, literally meaning “home of lyrics” or “home of melodies”.

The 11th Asia-Europe Meeting Summit (ASEM11) was held on 15-16 July 2016, in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Leaders of ASEM Partners were welcomed by HE Mr Tsakhiagiin ELBEGDORJ, President of Mongolia. ASEFM11 brought together Heads of State and Government from 53 ASEM Partners — 30 European and 21 Asian countries. The Chinggis Khaanii Khuree Ger Camp in Mongolia received a large numbers of guests during the summit. It was expected that 2,500 ASEM guests would be received at the tourist complex. The Chinggis Khaanii Khuree has about 100 gers (yurts) of various sizes.

Miniature Sheet of 4 Stamps:

Stamps taken from Full Sheets of 20 Stamps Each:

First Day Covers:

 

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