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Bosnia and Herzegovina – Pošte Srpske (Serbian Administration)

07 September 2020

Medical Personalities — Florence Nightingale and Jovan Mašin

Bosnia and Herzegovina – Serbian Administration: Medical Personalities – Florence Nightingale and Jovan Mašin, 7 September 2020. Images from Delcampe and Pošte Srpske.

Technical Specifications:

Edition title: Celebrities
Date of issue: 07.09.2020.
Designer: Nebojsa Djumic
Type of issue: occasional
Printing technique: multicolor offset
Counter sheet: 8 + 1
Paper: muffle 100g
Printing house: Blicdruk, Sarajevo

Motif: Florence Nightingale
Catalog number: 821
Perforation: 13 3/4
Nominal value: 1.95 KM

Florence Nightingale was the founder of nursing, a special discipline within medical deontology. She has worked as a caregiver, organizer, researcher, reformer, writer and teacher.

She was born on May 12, 1820 in Florence, after which she was named. He comes from a rich English family. As a young woman, she had the opportunity to travel and get an education. She spoke seven languages, showed a penchant for mathematics, especially statistics, but also for nursing. She cared for relatives, servants, neighbors and visited the poor with her mother. At that time, no qualifications were required for nursing. This job was deprived of social prestige and was most often performed by working class women, who did not find other employment opportunities. Since such women were often notorious, her parents opposed her decision to pursue such a business. However, she remained steadfast in her intentions.

During the trip that her parents sent her on, she used the opportunity to visit hospitals and talk to experts. During 1849/50. She spent two weeks at the Deaconess Institution in Kaiserswerth, Germany, where she learned about the importance of order and discipline in health care facilities, which helped her in her first job as manager of the Institution for Sick Ladies, where she worked from 1853 until the Crimean War of 1854. .years.

She was invited with a group of nurses to Shkodra, where a military hospital for the wounded and sick soldiers was formed. She immediately collected data on the sanitary conditions of the hospital. It recorded a lack of fresh air, dirt, overcrowding, which caused a high mortality rate of soldiers, which was 42.7%. She then made a plan to change such a condition, providing clean clothes and bedding, proper food, determining the appropriate size of the bed and the space between them. The reforms and measures in the medical service and care of the wounded and sick, which it established more than a century ago, are still in use today. She opened the first nursing service.

Author: Nebojsa Djumic

Publisher: Post of Srpska a.d. Banja Luka


Motif: Jovan Mašin (Founder of Serbian Medical Society)
Catalog number: 820
Perforation: 13 3/4
Nominal value: 1.95 KM

Jovan Mašin was the court physician of Prince Mihajlo and King Milan Obrenović, the founder of the Serbian Medical Association, a member of the Association of Serbian Literature and later the Serbian Academic Association.

He was born on July 14, 1820 in Cerhenica (east of Prague) in Bohemia, as Jan Mašin. He finished high school in Prague, medical sciences in Vienna, master’s degree in surgery in Pest, and master’s degree in gynecology in Prague.

He was married to Barbora, b. Všeteček also had three sons and two daughters with her: Svetozara (an engineer, the first husband of the later Serbian queen Draga), Aleksandar (the leader of the conspirators in the May coup), Nikola, Leposava and Poleksija.

For a time he was a city doctor in Nymburk. On the advice of Jan Šafarik, he arrived in Serbia in 1846. He started working in Valjevo. He participated in the suppression of the swine fever several times. In 1853, he became a physicist in the city of Belgrade. That year he became a member of the Standing Medical Commission. From 1859 to 1864 he was a Belgrade district doctor.

During the bombing of Belgrade in 1862, together with Dr. Lindermeier, he was in charge of making a plan of preparations in case of war in Belgrade. He was the personal physician of Prince Michael and King Milan. In 1867, he accompanied Prince Mihailo as an advisor and a member of the delegation during his trip to Constantinople, and on the occasion of the return of the cities to Serbia. He is one of the 15 founders and the first vice-president of the Serbian Medical Association in 1872. He was appointed chief military doctor in 1871, and in 1872 he became head of the Military Hospital. As the chief of ambulance of the Moravian Corps and with the rank of lieutenant colonel, he participated in the Second Serbian-Turkish War.

Author: Nebojsa Djumic

Publisher: Post of Srpska a.d. Banja Luka

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