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Bosnia and Herzegovina – Pošte Srpske (Serbian Administration)

15 September 2020

Flora [postponed from 17 June 2020]

Bosnia and Herzegovina – Serbian Administration: Flora, 15 September 2020. Images from Delcampe and Pošte Srpske.

Technical Specifications:

Edition title: Flora
Date of issue: 15.09.2020.
Designer: Božidar Došenović
Type of issue: occasional
Printing technique: multicolor offset
Counter sheet: 4×2
Paper: muffle 100g
Printing house: Blicdruk, Sarajevo

Motif: gladiolus
Catalog number: 824
Perforation: 13 3/4
Nominal value: 0.90 KM

Motif: wild tulip
Catalog number: 825
Perforation: 13 3/4
Nominal value: 0.90 KM

Motif: heron
Catalog number: 826
Perforation: 13 3/4
Nominal value: 1.80 KM

Motif: mountain cube
Catalog number: 827
Perforation: 13 3/4
Nominal value: 1.80 KM

For this edition of Flora, four species have been selected, which are on the Proposal of the Decree on strictly protected and protected species of the Republic of Srpska. For the first time, the Republika Srpska is passing a decree like this, the publication of which is expected every day. In anticipation of the mentioned document, we have chosen extremely decorative species that are endangered, among other things, precisely because of their beauty.

Fritillaria montana Hoppe ex W.D.J.Koch is a perennial plant of the lily family. It has a small white, round bulb. The stem is erect, 25 to 30 cm high, in the lower part without leaves. The leaves are few, narrow, 3 to 6 cm long. The flowers are solitary, bell-shaped and pendulous. It mainly grows on grassy areas in hilly and subalpine regions.

It inhabits Southern Europe, and in our country it is mentioned in a small number of localities.

This is one of the species covered by the Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife. The species is in the category of strictly protected species on the Proposal of the Decree on strictly protected and protected species of the Republic of Srpska.

The heron (Asphodelusalbus Mill.) Is a perennial plant from the Čepljezovka family. It has a thick rhizome. The roots are developed in bundles. The stem is 50 to 120 cm high, without leaves. The leaves are low-lying, narrow, long and over 60 cm, basically extended, while ending in a spike. At the top of the stem is a clustered unbranched inflorescence with numerous white flowers.

In addition to being decorative, this species, ie its rhizome, is used in the diet.

The species inhabits hilly, mountainous and subalpine meadows and pastures. It is distributed mainly in the Southern and Southern part of Central Europe. In our country, it is known from a large number of mountains in the mountain belt.

It is protected in Croatia, and in our country it is in the category of protected species on the Proposal of the Decree on strictly protected and protected species of the Republic of Srpska.

Illyrian gladiolus (Gladiolus illyricus Koch.) Is a perennial herbaceous plant from the iris family (Iridaceae). It has a thin stem 20 to 50 cm high and 2 to 3 rather narrow leaves. Beneath the ground is a tuberous bulb that may be slightly flattened or pear-shaped elongated. At the top of the tree is a loose inflorescence consisting of 3-10 flowers. The fruit is a cocoon with three ribs, and the seeds are winged.

Illyrian gladiolus inhabits rocky ground in meadows, shrubs or sparse forests. We find it at an altitude above 100 m.

It is widespread in Central and Southern Europe, Asia Minor and the Caucasus.

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, it has been recorded at a dozen sites. It is a strictly protected species in Croatia. In the Republika Srpska, it is in the category of protected on the Proposal of the Decree on strictly protected and protected species of the Republika Srpska.

The wild tulip (Tulipasylvestris L.) is a perennial herbaceous plant from the lily family. It has a bulb, with numerous small bulbs, from which grow 3 flat leaves up to 2 cm wide. The flowers are large, initially erect, and later bent, about 5 cm long, yellow, slightly fragrant.

The tulip inhabits mountain forests and rocky areas. It blooms in spring, with beautiful yellow flowers.

This tulip is a Eurasian and North African species. Due to its exceptional decorativeness, this tulip has been naturalized in some parts of America and Northern Europe.

In the flora of BiH, it was recorded at only two localities. This species is protected in Croatia and Montenegro, and in our country it is in the category of strictly protected species on the Proposal of the Decree on strictly protected and protected species of the Republic of Srpska.

Author: Božidar Došenović, MA

Cooperation: Republic Institute for the Protection of Cultural, Historical and Natural Heritage, Sara Potkonjak, B.Sc. Biologist

Publisher: Post of Srpska a.d. Banja Luka

Full Sheet of 8 Stamps:

First Day Covers:

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