20 October 2020
Sultan-Ahmet Madrasa, Zenica, 300th Anniversary [postponed from 22 May]
Motive: ”300 Years of Zenica’s (Sultan-Ahmed’s) madrasa”
Face value: 0,51 EUR
Author: Saladin Pašalić
Date of issue: 20.10.2020
Number of stamps in sheets: 10
Madrasa ( مدرسة ), is the Arabic word for any type of educational institution, secular or religious (of any religion), whether for elementary instruction or higher learning. The word is variously transliterated madrasah, medresa, madrassa, madraza, medrese, etc. In countries outside the Arab world, the word usually refers to a specific type of religious school or college for the study of the religion of Islam, though this may not be the only subject studied.
In an architectural and historical context, the term generally refers to a particular kind of institution in the historic Muslim world which primarily taught Islamic law and jurisprudence (fiqh), as well as other subjects on occasion. The origin of this type of institution is widely credited to Nizam al-Mulk, a vizier under the Seljuks in the 11th century, who was responsible for building the first network of official madrasas in Iran, Mesopotamia, and Khorasan. From there, the construction of madrasas spread across much of the Muslim world over the next few centuries, often adopting similar models of architectural design.
The Sultan Ahmed Mosque is located in the center of Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It has been declared a National Monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Above the entrance portal there is a tarih in which the year and the restorer of the mosque are mentioned – Abdullah Aziz Khan, the great-grandson of Sultan Ahmed III (1703-1730) who, according to the same tarih, erected this building.
From a document in Turkish from 1849/1850. year, the repair of this mosque was carried out during the reign of Sultan Abdul Majid. The mosque was rebuilt in 1872, after the great flood that occurred in Zenica in 1869. The next major restoration followed in 1914 and after that in 1986/1987. year, when the electrical installations were changed, the roof and ceiling were reconstructed. In 1996, the Islamic Religious Community, in cooperation with the Turkish Battalion, carried out the last renovation of the mosque.
The mosque measures about 20.50 X 14.90 m. It consists of a one-room prayer space, a porch on the north-west side and a stone minaret without a height of 31 m. In the interior, the mosque is covered with a wooden flat ceiling and covered with a sloping outside with a hipped roof.
Around the mosque there is a small harem with several old nišan tombstones and an octagonal fountain made in 1927. The construction of the fountain rests on eight square pillars that lie on concrete bases. It is covered with sheet metal.
Next to the mosque is a ground floor stone madrasa with an open courtyard. It has a square base, measuring about 28 X 28 m. It is covered with a gabled roof and tiles. In the middle is an atrium, measuring 11.60 X 7.20 m, with a large stone fountain, and a wooden porch. The construction of the porch is supported by 24 wooden pillars.