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11 September 2020

Day Of the Teacher — José Santos Valdes

Mexico: Day Of the Teacher — José Santos Valdes, 11 September 2020. Images from Servicio Postal Mexicanos Filatelia.

Technical Specifications:

Name: Teacher’s Day
Price: $ 7.00 Pesos $ 0.36 USD
Issue Date: 09/11/2020
Paper: Matte white couché, self-adhesive 110 g / m2
Designer: Luis Quezada Villalpando
Size: 24 x 40 mm
Colors: Multicolor
Perforation: Serpentine Die Cut
Printing: Offset lithography
Gum: Self-Adhesive
Print run: 200,000

From La Jornada, published 24 November 2019:

José Santos Valdés García de León was born on November 1, 1905, in Rancho Camargo, Matamoros, Coahuila. The Valdés García de León family was composed of Cristina, Pedro and their six children. His father, trusted pawn of Don Evaristo Madero. Childhood, analogous to what Jorge Carpizo described from the boy Benito Juárez, was humble and difficult but not for that reason absent from good memories.

Nine years it took him five grades as a result of a transhuman family life. He was elected to receive the municipal scholarship for studies in the normal state of Coahuila from 1920. He stopped his studies for a year. He started a premature magisterium on a coahuilense estate of French owners. The bitter experience on the estate nurtured the desire to conclude his education.

He finished his normalist studies in 1926. At the age of 20 he began his magisterial service in Sonora, where he was appointed principal of the Talamantes primary school in Navojoa, where the sons of the former President of the Republic, Alvaro Obregón, study. With only four months of management, he was promoted to school supervisor of the Hermosillo and Nogales primary.

On May 1, 1929, he organized the primary schools of his jurisdiction in a reddish uniform in honor of International Workers’ Day. In addition, at the request of the Regional Confederation of Mexican Workers, he gave a speech and denounced the need for independent trade unionism. Governor Rodolfo Elias Calles gave him 24 hours to leave the state, accusing him of a dangerous communist.

He assumed radical prolegals from the Mexican left. He began his test of consistency in daily and clandestine work prior to his acceptance to the Communist Party, during the years 1932 to 1934. His youthful ethopeya captures what José Ingenieros portrays in an idealist, qualitative man, able to distinguish between the evil he observes, and the best he imagines. It adopts Quixote principles that deny resignation in the face of the existence of a world suffering from social injustice.

In 1933 the Christians tried to storm the Rural Normal of Aguilera, Durango because it allowed women access to study. In Veracruz, entrepreneurs asked for their transfer to another entity for organizing workers who lifted strikes to ask for better wages and days. In 1941 he was accused of burning a national flag by performing honors in the normal teneria, state of Mexico.

In the early 1930s, he wrote periodically in the magazine, The Rural Teacher of the Secretariat of Public Education, through it influenced the magisterium with publications such as Rural School Social Orientation, Socialist Reasons for Education and Religion and the Socialist School.

He passionately cultivated journalism, biographical, monographic, poetic and essayistic research. Journalist of corrosive ink, he wrote in the national circulation magazine Politics of Manuel Marcué Pardiñas, together with personalities such as Fernando Benítez and Carlos Fuentes.

From 1939 to 1941 he served as a professor at the National School of Agriculture in Chapingo. In 1945, acting as Inspector of Cultural Missions, he headed the Missions in Sinaloa, Nayarit and Colima respectively. In 1946 he oversaw those located in Zacatecas, Tlaxcala, Durango, Tabasco and Aguascalientes.

On October 1, 1933, he entered the Tamatan Agricultural Centre, Tamaulipas, as a professor. In consideration of his background and performance, he is appointed director of the rural normals of Aguilera, Durango; Galeana, Nuevo León; Chicontepec, Veracruz; Would have, state of Mexico; San Marcos, Zacatecas; Mexe, Hidalgo; and Santa Teresa, Coahuila. In 1959 he was appointed supervisor of the northern area of rural normals, attending Durango, Coahuila and Chihuahua. In 1967, by presidential decree he was appointed supervisor of Normal Education at the national level. In 1971 he resigned from his commission.

On May 31, 1990, Francisco Zarco was awarded by the Congress of Durango to exemplary citizens. In 2010 he was declared an illustrious person from the state of Coahuila, also, in 2014, Zacatecas declared him an illustrious person and teacher for his educational legacy in teacher training.

For more than a decade, the Federal Directorate of Security, since Mexican spying veners accused him of instiling the armed revolt. In 1967 he wrote the book Madera. His narrative of the critical popular and social movements of the 1960s earned him what Carlos Monsiváis defined as the defamation sheltered from the uncompromising anonymous.

On August 5, 1990, the news ran like gunpowder, Professor José Santos Valdés had died. Grey day when the father, the poet, the journalist, the master of rural normalism ceased to exist. 114 years after his birth and 29 years after his death, rural normalists, children of the schools to which he gave his life and passionate vision, have found openness for the Senate of the Republic to issue a point of agreement to consider his trajectory in order to occupy a place in the roundabout of the illustrious people. Finally, you will have the recognition denied in the past. José Santos Valdés, a teacher from Mexico.

*Doctor of History and author of the book La semilla en el surco: José Santos Valdés and the Mexican rural school (1922-1990)

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