07 August 2020
Aliagha Vahid 125th Birth Anniversary
Issued on: 2020-08-07
Size: 52 x 37 mm
Perforation: 13 x 13½
Printing: Offset lithography
Denomination: 0.60 manat
Print run: 300,000
Aliagha Vahid (Əliağa Vahid), born Aliagha Mammadqulu oglu Isgandarov, was an Azerbaijani poet and Honoured Artist of the Azerbaijan SSR (1943). He was known for reintroducing medieval ghazel style in Soviet Azerbaijani poetry.
Aliagha Vahid was born on February 17, 1895, into the family of a carpenter in Baku. From his earliest years he worked as an unskilled laborer and helped his father. His received his first education in madrasah, but not finishing it, entered the literary society “Mejmeush-shuara”. There he befriended such poets as Muniri, Azer Imamaliyev and other popular poets of Baku of that epoch. Under their creative influence he wrote his first lyrical poems. In his early satirical poems he criticized social deficiencies in the society, superstition and narrow-mindedness, tyranny and unfairness. These poems would enter his first collection of poems titled The Result of Avidity. Later, under the influence of Fuzûlî’s and Seyid Azim’s works, he began to write ghazels. His ghazels were popular among people and that is why he was nicknamed Ghazelkhan.
Wahid greeted the October Revolution and establishment of the Soviet power in Azerbaijan enthusiastically. He actively agitated for the Soviet power in his poems, such as To My Comrade Laborers and Soldiers, What Does the School Mean, Elevate, my angel… and others. In 1924 Wahid got acquainted with Sergei Yesenin, who was living in Baku, in Mardakan village with short breaks. Later this acquaintanceship turned into a strong friendship. This fact was mentioned in writer-publicist Huseyngulu Najafov’s “May of Balakhany” narrative. After the establishment of the Soviet power and creation of the Azerbaijan SSR he collaborated with “Kommunist” newspaper and satirical magazine “Molla Nasraddin”. In his collections called “Couplets” (1924) and “Mollakhana” (1938) he vented satirical flaw of criticism to opponents of the new system. Battle Ghazels (1943) and Ghazels (1944), the books written during the Great Patriotic War, tackled love to the Motherland, hatred for the enemy and faith in victory.
Being the follower of Fuzuli’s literary tendencies, Aliagha Vahid was an eminent representative of the gazel genre in the Soviet culture. Aliagha Wahid was also engaged in translation of ghazels of Nizami, Fuzuli, Khaqani and other classics into Azerbaijani language. He is assumed to be the founder of meykhana, the modern genre of ghazel.
Aliagha Wahid died on the night of 30 September 1965 in Baku and was buried in the Alley of Honor.