02 October 2020
Stamp Day 2020 — St. Pölten
Date of Issue: 02.10.2020
Size: 43 x 34 mm
Type of printing: Offset lithography
Design: Anita Kern
Denomination: 315 + 158 Euro cents
Quantity Printed: 180.000
Perforation: comb 14¼ x 13¾
Sankt Pölten is the capital and largest city of the State of Lower Austria in northeast Austria, with 55,538 inhabitants as of 1 January 2020. St. Pölten is a city with its own statute (or Statutarstadt) and therefore it is both a municipality and a district in the Mostviertel, the southwest region of Lower Austria. The city lies on the Traisen river and is located north of the Alps and south of the Wachau.
Between 1911 and 1976, a tramline operated in St Pölten. Today, a network of eleven bus lines operates at regular intervals within the city. Every summer, a free tourist train in the city centre connects the ancient parts of the city with the government district.
The oldest part of the city is built on the site of the ancient Roman city of Aelium Cetium that existed between the 2nd and the 4th century. In the year 799, it was called Treisma. St Pölten did not become a town until 1050 and officially became a city in 1169. Until 1494 St Pölten was part of the diocese of Passau, and then became the property of the state. A Benedictine monastery was founded in 771. In 1081 it hosted the Augustinian Chorherren and in 1784 their Kollegiatsstift closed. Since 1785, this building has hosted the cathedral of St Pölten. The city replaced Vienna as the capital of Lower Austria with a resolution by the Lower Austrian parliament on 10 July 1986. The Lower Austrian government has been hosted in St Pölten since 1997.
The name St Pölten is derived from Hippolytus of Rome. The city was renamed to Sankt Hippolyt, then St Polyt and finally St Pölten.
Several media companies are based in St Pölten. These are “@cetera”, a literary-cultural magazine; “City-Flyer”, an online magazine describing the cultural offerings of the city, which is published on paper monthly; “Campus Radio”, a radio station from the University of Applied Sciences; “HiT FM”, a radio station broadcasting in Lower Austria; “LetHereBeRock”, an online youth magazine about the alternative rock scene; NÖN, a Lower Austrian newspaper; the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation for Lower Austria; and the local television channel “P3tv”.