14 September 2020
100 Years Founding Anniversary 1920-2020 – Province of Camarines Norte
DATE OF ISSUE: 14 September 2020
KIND OF ISSUE: Commemorative
DESIGN: Rodine C. Teodoro (PHLPost)
COORDINATOR: Nena J. Panganiban (PHLPost)
SIZE:40 mm x 30 mm
SHEET COMPOSITION: 40 (4 x 10)
PRINTING PROCESS: Offset Lithography
PRINTER: AMSTAR Company, Inc.
QUANTITY: 40,000 Stamps; 2,400 Official First Day Covers
The Philippine Postal Corporation (PHLPost) issues stamps and official first day covers for “100 Years Founding Anniversary 1920-2020 – Province of Camarines Norte”.
Camarines Norte is the northernmost province of Region V (Bicol Region). It was part of and separate from “Ambos Camarines” with Camarines Sur in different periods from 1573. The official date of organization of the province as separate from Camarines Sur is 15 April 1920, following Executive Order No. 22.
The land of this province is fertile with coconut, “queen” pineapple, and rice plantations, while the adjacent bays of Lamon and San Miguel are important fishing grounds. Camarines Norte is also known for its mineral and metallic resources. It is currently composed of the towns of Daet (its capital), Basud, Capalonga, Jose Panganiban, Labo, Mercedes, Paracale, San Lorenzo Ruiz, San Vicente, Sta. Elena, Talisay, and Vinzons.
The province also takes pride in its homegrown heroes: Jose Maria Panganiban, namesake of the former town of Mambulao, contributed greatly to our history as an essayist, signing as “J.M.P.”, or “Jomapa” when he wrote for La Solidaridad. General Vicente R. Lukban led the attack against Americans in Balangiga, Samar in 1901, and Wenceslao Q. Vinzons, Sr., was a young statesman and guerrilla resistance fighter for whom the town of Vinzons is named after.
The stamp prominently displays the first monument dedicated to Jose Rizal, the Provincial Capitol Building, and the images of Rizal, Panganiban, and Vinzons. It features the centennial anniversary logo and the provincial seal of Camarines Norte on the right. These rest on top of subdued backgrounds showing the tourism and jewelry industries of the province. The official first day cover design highlights the rich gold mining industry of Camarines Norte.
Stamps and Official First Day Covers of “100 Years Founding Anniversary 1920-2020 – Province of Camarines Norte” will be available at the Philatelic Counter, Manila Central Post Office, all Mega Manila Post Offices, Area 2, San Fernando, La Union, Postal Area 4, San Pablo, Postal Area 5, Mandaue, Postal Area 6, Iloilo, Postal Area 7, Davao, and Postal Area 8, Cagayan de Oro.
Camarines Norte (Central Bicolano: Amihanan na Camarines; Tagalog: Hilagang Camarines) is a province in the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. Its capital is Daet. The province borders Quezon to the west, Camarines Sur to the south, and the Philippine Sea to the north. It has historically been a Bikol speaking region, however there has been a language shift in recent years to Tagalog which is more commonly used nowadays.
In 1573, Bicol province was founded. From Bicol, the province of Camarines was created in 1636, which was divided in 1829, creating Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur. They were briefly merged from 1854 to 1857 into Ambos Camarines (ambos is Spanish for “both”). They were merged into Ambos Camarines once again in 1893. The province was divided into Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur once again in 1917.
When Camarines Norte was separated from Ambos Camarines in 1829, it was assigned the towns of Daet, as capital, Talisay, Indan (now Vinzons), Labo, Paracale, Mambulao (now Jose Panganiban), Capalonga, Ragay, Lupi and Sipocot.
Seventeen years later, it lost Sipocot, Lupi and Ragay to Camarines Sur in exchange for the town of Siruma.
Spanish conquistador Juan de Salcedo, dispatched by Legazpi to explore the island in 1571, influenced the existence of Camarines Norte. After subduing Taytay and Cainta, he marched further across Laguna and Tayabas.
He visited the rich gold-laden town of Mambulao and Paracale, obsessed by them about which he heard from natives there of existing gold mines.
When Francisco de Sande took over from Legazpi as Governor General, Spanish influence started to be felt in the region. He established a permanent Spanish garrison in Naga to control the region and defend it from Chinese and Muslim pirates. Capt. Pedro de Chavez was assigned to head this force.
Native settlements, which include Mambulao and Paracale, were already thriving when the Spaniards arrived. Indan and Daet were the other settlements besides Capalonga. But Paracale remained the most sought after because of its gold mines.
The towns were chiefly inhabited by Tagalogs; the rests were of Visayan strain. However, most of the immigrants were from Mauban, Quezon. The Spanish missionaries established missions to Christianize the natives.
April 14–17, 1898 – Local members of the Katipunan led by Ildefonso Moreno and other patriots staged an uprising against the Spanish authorities here who have fortified themselves in the house of one Florencio Arana, a Spanish merchant and a long time resident of Daet. Sporadic encounters started on April 14 until April 16 when the rebels occupied Daet and surrounded the Spaniards in the house of Arana. But the Katipuneros failed to repulse the reinforcements which arrived in Barra (now Mercedes) from Nueva Caceres on April 17. Said reinforcements broke the siege of Daet. This resulted in the death and/or execution of many patriots, including Ildefonso Moreno, Tomas Zaldua and his two sons, Jose Abaño, Domingo Lozada and Aniceto Gregorio, among others. While the Daet revolt collapsed, it signaled the start of a series of rebellion throughout the Bicol region.
By virtue of Act 2809 of March 3, 1919, Governor General F. B. Harrison separated Camarines Norte from Camarines Sur with the installation of Don Miguel R. Lukban as its first governor. “In functional sense, April 15, 1920, was the date of the organization of Camarines Norte, as directed by Executive Order No. 22 dated March 20, 1920, in conformity with the provisions of Act No. 2809,” according to Serafin D. Quiason, former chairman of the National Historical Institute (NHI).
First Guerrilla Encounter
The first guerrilla encounter in the Philippines during the second world war in the Pacific occurred on December 18, 1941 – 11 days after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on Dec. 7, 1941 and 10 days after the attack on Clark Airbase in Pampanga on Dec. 8, 1941 – at Laniton, Basud, Camarines Norte when the Vinzons guerrilla group with some elements of USAFFE units engaged the vanguard of the Japanese Imperial Army advancing towards Daet, the capital town. A shrine was put up in Laniton to mark this historic feat of arms while surviving veterans and the sons and daughters of veterans who fell commemorate this event every Dec. 18 in Basud and Daet under the auspices of the Veterans Federation of the Philippines – Camarines Norte Chapter (VFP-CN), Basud Municipal Government and the Provincial Government.
Japanese Occupation and Liberation
The general headquarters of Philippine Commonwealth Army started their operations on January 3, 1942. The Philippine Constabulary in Camarines Norte was then established on October 28, 1944. When the U.S. liberation forces returned to the province in 1945, they helped the local Filipino troops and Bicolano guerrillas in the liberation from the Japanese Imperial forces.
Camarines Norte covers a total area of 2,320.07 square kilometres (895.78 sq mi) occupying the northwestern coast of the Bicol Peninsula in the southeastern section of Luzon.
One of the six provinces comprising Region V (Bicol), it is bounded on the northeast by the Philippine Sea, east by the San Miguel Bay, west by the Lamon Bay, southwest by Quezon province, and southeast by Camarines Sur.
Its capital town, Daet, is 342 kilometres (213 mi) southeast of Metro Manila, an 8 to 10 hour drive by bus, 6 to 7 hour by private car or a 45-minute trip by plane.