02 July 2020
Kosovan Constitutional Declaration 30th Anniversary
Nominal Values: €2
Size of Stamp (mm): 43 x 32mm
Sheet mint: 6 pp
Paper: 102 gsm
Printing House: G.E. “Biendi”
Postage stamp designer: L. Ademi
First Day Postmark: Prishtinë
Launching Date: 02.07.2020
The 30th Anniversary of the Constitutional Declaration
On the occasion of the 30th Anniversary of the Constitutional Declaration, the Philately of Kosovo on 02.07.2020 will issue an edition of postage stamps entitled: “The 30th Anniversary of the Constitutional Declaration”. Through this postage stamp, we honor the courage of the delegates of the Assembly of Kosovo, who in extremely difficult conditions of occupation, on July 2, 1990, publicly approved the Constitutional Declaration, by which Kosovo was declared a separate entity within the former Yugoslav federation. The Constitutional Declaration o July 2, 1990 marks the beginning of Kosovo’s statehood. Two months later, on September 7, 1990, the same delegates issued the highest legal act — the Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo, by which they formally declared Kosovo a Republic.
After this act, our people continued their efforts for freedom and independence through peaceful politics, while the liberation of Kosovo was achieved on June 12, 1999, thanks to the sacrifice of the people who fought in the liberation war led by the KLA and supported by NATO. Since February 17, 2008, we have the independent and sovereign state of the Republic of Kosovo, internationally recognized by more than 116 states.
Late in June 1990, Albanian members of the provincial assembly proposed a vote on whether to form an independent republic; the ethnic Serb president of the assembly immediately shut it down and promised to reopen the assembly on 2 July, which was later postponed.
On 2 July, the vast majority of Albanian members of the Provincial Assembly returned to the Assembly, but it had been locked; so in the street outside they voted to declare Kosovo a Republic within the Yugoslav federation. The Serbian government responded by dissolving the Assembly and the government of Kosovo, removing any remaining autonomy. The Serb government then passed another law on labor relations which dismissed another 80,000 Albanian workers.
Ethnic Albanian members of the now officially dissolved Kosovo Assembly met in secret in Kaçanik on 7 September and declared the “Republic of Kosova” in which laws from Yugoslavia would only be valid if compatible with the Republic’s constitution. The assembly went on to declare the “Republic of Kosova” an independent state on 22 September 1991. This declaration was endorsed by 99% of voters in an unofficial referendum held a few days later. The Republic of Kosova received diplomatic recognition from Albania.
From 1995 onwards, tensions in the region escalated leading to the Kosovo War which began in 1998, fought between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the rebel Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA). The KLA-led campaign continued into January 1999 and was brought to the attention of the world media by the Račak massacre, mass killings of Albanians by Serbian security forces. An international conference was held in Rambouillet, France later that spring and resulted in a proposed peace agreement (the Rambouillet Agreement) which was accepted by the ethnic Albanian side but rejected by the Yugoslav government.
The failure of the talks at Rambouillet resulted in a NATO air campaign against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia lasting from 24 March to 11 June when the Yugoslav authorities signed a military technical agreement allowing NATO peacekeepers (KFOR) and an international civilian mission (UNMIK) to enter Kosovo.
UNMIK assumed control of Kosovo. Provisional Institutions of Self-Government were established to allow Kosovo political and community leaders to be represented in decisions. The KLA was disbanded and replaced by the Kosovo Protection Corps, a lightly armed civilian emergency response organization.
International recognition of Kosovo, since its declaration of independence from Serbia enacted on 17 February 2008, has been mixed, and the international community is divided on the issue.
As of 4 September 2020, the Republic of Kosovo has received 116 diplomatic recognitions as an independent state, of which 15 have since been withdrawn. As of 4 September 2020, 98 out of 193 (51%) United Nations (UN) member states, 22 out of 27 (81%) European Union (EU) member states, 26 out of 30 (87%) NATO member states, and 33 out of 57 (58%) Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) member states have recognized Kosovo. The government of Serbia does not recognise it as a sovereign state. In 2013, the two sides began to normalize relations in accordance with the Brussels Agreement, but the process stalled in November 2018 after Kosovo imposed a 100 percent tax on importing Serbian goods. On 1 April 2020, Kosovo withdrew the tax. In September 2020, under an agreement brokered by the United States, Serbia and Kosovo agreed to normalize economic relations. Serbia agreed to suspend its efforts to encourage other states to either not recognise Kosovo or to revoke recognition for one year and in return Kosovo agreed to not apply for new membership of international organizations for the same period.
Defined in an area of 10,887 square kilometres (4,203 sq mi), Kosovo is landlocked in the center of the Balkans and bordered by the uncontested territory of Serbia to the north and east, North Macedonia to the southeast, Albania to the southwest and Montenegro to the west. It possesses varied and diverse landscapes for its size by climate along with geology and hydrology. Most of central Kosovo is dominated by the vast plains and fields of Metohija and Kosovo. The Prokletije and Šar Mountains rise in the southwest and southeast respectively.