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France

16 October 2020

Attachment of Béarn to the Crown of France 400th Anniversary

France: Attachment of Béarn to the Crown of France 400th Anniversary, 16 October 2020. Images from Phil-Ouest,

Technical Specifications:

Issued on Friday, October 16, 2020
Illustrated obliteration 1st day on Friday 16 and
Saturday 17 October to: ? PAU (64) Pau Bosquet Post Office, Friday from 9am to 12.30pm and 1.30pm to 6pm and Saturday from 9am to 12pm, 14 Gambetta Street, 64000 PAU.
What’s going on PARIS (75) at Carré d’Encre, 10am-5pm, 13 bis rue des Mathurins, 75009 PARIS.
General sale on Monday, October 19, 2020
Face value: €1.16
Postage of priority letter up to 20g for France, Monaco, Andorra and postal sectors (army)
Horizontal stamp – Serration : 13
Total dimensions: 40.85×30 mm
Colors In: polychrome
Printed in heliography 42 stamps per sheet
Issued to 400,000 copies

Graphic design by Lucille Clrerc
From photos:
© Louis XIII, lithograph by Delpech 1833, photo by Jean-Paul Dumontier / La Collection (000047-1166),
© South-west façade of Pau Castle, RMN-Grand
Palais (Château de Pau) / René-Gabriel Ojéda, © Map of the Principality of Béarn, RMN-Grand Palais (Castle of Pau) / Mathieu Rabeau

The attachment of Béarn to the crown of France: 1620
After the assassination ofHenry IV in 1610, religious unrest resumed between Protestants, supported by the states, and Catholics, led by the bishops of Lescar and Oloron. In 1617, the young King Louis XIII promulgates the Fontainebleau judgment which restored the Catholic religion throughout Béarn and imposed the return of property to Catholics. The States denounced this judgment from 1618 and refused its application. After exhausting all conciliation tests, King Louis XIII decided to march on the Béarn at the head of a large army. He entered Pau on 15 October 1620 in front of a cold and hostile population in the face of this warlike demonstration. After securing the submission of the stronghold of Navarrenx, the sovereign returns to the capital of Béarnaise in a much more friendly atmosphere this time. Faced with a conciliatory Louis XIII, whose actions all demonstrate his desire to appease and forget the past, the Palois received the King of France under the cheers on October 19, 1620. The next day, October 20, 1620, Catholic worship was officially restored. The religious question was followed by the political question, since on the same day Louis XIII issued an edict to bring union and incorporation of Béarn and Navarre to the crown of France. The intransigence of the states’ struggle against the king could leave no other answer. This annexation provoked reactions but overall without excess, King Louis XIII having taken a wise precaution in assuring the Béarnais to keep “their fors and privileges”. He transformed the sovereign council of Béarn into the Parliament of Navarre. The day after the annexation, Louis XIII left ordering the collection of ninety-five paintings, tapestries and enamelled objects from the castle to bring them back to Paris.

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