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France

21 September 2020

French Heritage in Stamps

Characters of History – Du Guesclin circa 1314-1380

France: French Heritage in Stamps, 21 September 2020.. Images from Phil-Ouest.

Technical Specifications:

Issue Date: Monday, September 21, 2020
Special obliteration 1st day in Paris at Le Carré d’Encre, 13 bis rue des Mathurins 75009 PARIS
General sale on Monday, September 21, 2020
Face value: €9.00
€3.88 in the center $1.40 for the 2 stamps on the left and €1.16 for the 2 stamps on the right, for a total of €9.00 per slip
Special block (Treasury or philately heritage) – Serration : 13
Total dimensions: 200×143 mm
Colors In: polychrome
Printed in soft waist 5 stamps per sheet
Issued to 10,000 copies

Designed by Charles Mazelin
Engraved by Jean Pheulpin
Featured by Sarah Bougault
© The Post Office

Bertrand du Guesclin (c. 1320 – 13 July 1380), nicknamed “The Eagle of Brittany” or “The Black Dog of Brocéliande”, was a Breton knight and an important military commander on the French side during the Hundred Years’ War. From 1370 to his death, he was Constable of France for King Charles V. Well known for his Fabian strategy, he took part in six pitched battles and won the four in which he held command.

Sports and Leisure Stamps – 1938 Football World Cup

Designed by Joel Bridge
Engraved by Georges-Léo Degorce
Featured by Sarah Bougault
© The Post Office

The 1938 FIFA World Cup was the third staging of the World Cup, and was held in France from 4 to 19 June 1938. Italy retained the championship by beating Hungary 4–2 in the final. Italy’s 1934 and 1938 teams became the only ones to have won two World Cups under the same coach, Vittorio Pozzo.

Architectural Heritage – Viaduct de Garabit, Cantal

Designed and engraved by Pierre Munier
Work by Sarah Bougault
© The Post Office

The Garabit Viaduct (Viaduc de Garabit) is a railway arch bridge spanning the Truyère, near Ruynes-en-Margeride, Cantal, France, in the mountainous Massif Central region. The bridge was constructed between 1882 and 1884 by Gustave Eiffel, with structural engineering by Maurice Koechlin, and was opened in 1885. It is 565 m (1,854 ft) in length and has a principal arch of 165 m (541 ft) span.

Postal History – Stamp Day 1964, 18th Century Horse Courier

Designed by Robert Cami
From an engraving by Charles Parrocel
Featured by Sarah Bougault
© The Post Office

In 1602, Fouquet de la Varane opened the Post Office to private individuals. A courier service on horseback is set up. It was so successful that during the 18th century it was no longer enough and had to be replaced by transport by means of hitched cars: the postillons would replace the overlapping cars.

Aviation Stamps – Mystère IV

Designed by Paul Lengellé
From an engraving by Charles-Paul Dufresne
Featured by Sarah Bougault
© The Post Office

The Dassault MD.454 Mystère IV is a 1950s French fighter-bomber aircraft, the first transonic aircraft to enter service with the French Air Force. It was used in large-scale combat in the Israeli Air Force during the 1967 Six Day War.

Arts and Letters Stamps – George Sand 1804-1876

Designed and engraved by Paul-Pierre Lemagny
Featured by Sarah Bougault
© The Post Office

Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin (1 July 1804 – 8 June 1876), best known by her pen name George Sand), was a French novelist, memoirist, and Socialist. One of the more popular writers in Europe in her lifetime, being more renowned than both Victor Hugo and Honoré de Balzac in England in the 1830s and 1840s, Sand is recognized as one of the most notable writers of the European Romantic era.

Science and Technology Stamps – Ambrose Paré 1517-1590

Designed and engraved by Georges-Léo Degorce
Featured by Sarah Bougault
© The Post Office

Ambroise Paré (c. 1510 – 20 December 1590) was a French barber surgeon who served in that role for kings Henry II, Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III. He is considered one of the fathers of surgery and modern forensic pathology and a pioneer in surgical techniques and battlefield medicine, especially in the treatment of wounds. He was also an anatomist and invented several surgical instruments. He was also part of the Parisian Barber Surgeon guild.

In his personal notes about the care he delivered to Captain Rat, in the Piémont campaign (1537–1538), Paré wrote: Je le pansai, Dieu le guérit (“I bandaged him and God healed him”). This epitomizes a philosophy that he used throughout his career. These words, inscribed on his statue in Laval, are reminiscent of the Latin adage medicus curat, natura sanat.

France of Our Regions – St-Front, Périgueux

Designed and engraved by Gabriel-Antoine Barlangue
Featured by Sarah Bougault
© The Post Office

Périgueux Cathedral is a Catholic church located in the city of Périgueux, France. A cathedral since 1669, it is dedicated to Saint Front (Cathédrale Saint-Front de Périgueux). The cathedral’s predecessor, still in operation as a church, is dedicated to Saint Stephen (Cathédrale Saint-Étienne-de-la-Cité de Périgueux).

A church was first built on the site in the 4th and 5th centuries. In 976 the Bishop Frotaire had the Abbey of Saint-Front constructed on the site of the church. The abbey was consecrated in 1047. Its vaulted choir housed the tomb of Saint Front, which was sculpted in 1077 by Guimaunond, a monk of the abbey of Chaise-Dieu. This tomb was decorated with numerous precious stones and sculptures, notably an angel with a halo made of pieces of glass and is now kept in the Périgord Museum.

The cathedral owes its name to Saint Front, the first bishop of Périgueux. The cathedral, in either building, was and is the seat of the Bishop of Périgueux and Sarlat, as the diocese has been known since 1854.

The buildings are located in the centre of Périgueux and Saint Front Cathedral has been classed as a French Historical Monument (monument historique) since 1840. The Saint Front Cathedral was rebuilt by architect Paul Abadie from 1852 to 1895. Only the bell tower and the crypts, both from the 12th century, were left from the previous structures.

The cathedral is part of the World Heritage Sites of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France since 1998.

Transport Stamps – Port of Strasbourg

Designed and engraved by Pierre Gandon
Featured by Sarah Bougault
© The Post Office

The Independent Port of Strasbourg (Port autonome de Strasbourg; P.A.S.) is a port on the Rhine river, in the city of Strasbourg, France. Created in 1926, it is a public transport hub under the control of the French transport ministry. The port is the second biggest river port of France after Paris, and the third largest port on the Rhine after Rotterdam and Duisburg. There are two terminals for containers equipped with 3 multimodal gantry cranes. The port extends over 100 km and comprises the main port of Strasbourg as well as the ports of Lauterbourg, Beinheim and Marckolsheim, Rhin à Seltz, Fort-Louis, Dalhunden, Drusenheim, Offendorf, Gerstheim and Rhinau.

Red Cross Stamps – Mrs Vigée-Lebrun and her Daughter

Designed and engraved by Jules Piel
According to a self-portrait by Elisabeth Vigée Le Brun
Featured by Sarah Bougault
© The Post Office

Élisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun (16 April 1755 – 30 March 1842), also known as Madame Le Brun, was a prominent French portrait painter of the late 18th century.

Her artistic style is generally considered part of the aftermath of Rococo with elements of an adopted Neoclassical style. Her subject matter and color palette can be classified as Rococo, but her style is aligned with the emergence of Neoclassicism. Vigée Le Brun created a name for herself in Ancien Régime society by serving as the portrait painter to Marie Antoinette. She enjoyed the patronage of European aristocrats, actors, and writers, and was elected to art academies in ten cities.

Vigée Le Brun created some 660 portraits and 200 landscapes. In addition to many works in private collections, her paintings are owned by major museums, such as the Louvre, Hermitage Museum, National Gallery in London, Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, and many other collections in continental Europe and the United States.

Le Sage Type I Stamps

Designed by Jules Auguste Sage
Engraved by Louis Eugene Mouchon
Featured by Sarah Bougault
© The Post Office

Face value: €5.00

The”Sage type”is a series of common stamps representing an allegory “Peace and Trade United reigning over the world” (Athena and Hermes) designed by Jules Auguste Sage and engraved by Louis Eugene Mouchon.

This series ranges from Yvert and Tellier 61 to No. 106, except for the unspolected No. 73 (20c blue) and the No. 100 that does not exist in the Yvert and Tellier and Ceres catalogues.

These stamps have been sold by the Post Office for 24 years, which is a record for longevity. For more information on this series visit Hervé Cantineau’s Sage-type website.

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