26 May 2020
Definitive Stamps — Van Kingdom (Series 14)
14-րդ նույնատիպ թողարկում. Վանի թագավորություն
2020 թվականի մայիսի 26-ին շրջանառության մեջ են դրվում «14-րդ նույնատիպ թողարկում. Վանի թագավորություն» թեմային նվիրված 7 նամականիշ: Նամականիշերի վրա պատկերված է Վանի թագավորության ժամանակաշրջանի 15,5 սմ բարձրություն ունեցող բրոնզե արձանիկ` գահի զարդամաս, որը թվագրվում է մ.թ.ա. 7-րդ դար և գտնվում Սանկտ Պետերբուրգի Պետական Էրմիտաժում:
Թողարկման օրը` 26 մայիսի 2020թ.
Լուսանկարիչը՝ Վլադիմիր Տերեբենին
Դիզայնը` Վահագն Մկրտչյան
Տպարանը` Lowe Martin Group, Կանադա
Չափսերը` 20,0 x 24,0 մմ
Մեկ թերթի վրա՝ 20 հ.
Տպաքանակը` 10 – 500 000 հ.
50 – 1 000 000 հ.
70 – 1 500 000 հ.
100 – 300 000 հ.
120 – 1 500 000 հ.
230 – 660 000 հ.
330 – 550 000 հ.
14th Definitive Issue. Kingdom of Van
On May 26, 2020, the “14th similar issue. 7 stamps dedicated to the theme “Kingdom of Van”. The stamps depict a bronze statue 15.5 cm high during the reign of Van, a throne ornament dating back to the 6th century BC. 7th century and is located in the State Hermitage of St. Petersburg.
Release date: May 26, 2020
Photographer: Vladimir Tereben
Design by Vahagn Mkrtchyan
Printing house: Lowe Martin Group, Canada
Dimensions: 20.0 x 24.0 mm
On one sheet, 20 h.
Print run: 10 – 500 000 h.
50 – 1 000 000 h.
70 – 1 500 000 h.
100 – 300 000 h.
120 – 1 500 000 h.
230 – 660 000 h.
330 – 550 000 h.
Urartu is a geographical region commonly used as the exonym for the Iron Age kingdom also known by the modern rendition of its endonym, the Kingdom of Van, centered around Lake Van in the historic Armenian Highlands (present-day eastern Anatolia). The kingdom rose to power in the mid-9th century BC, but went into gradual decline and was eventually conquered by the Iranian Medes in the early 6th century BC. The geopolitical region would re-emerge as Armenia shortly after. The peoples of Urartu are the earliest identifiable ancestors of the Armenians.
The name Kingdom of Van (Վանի թագավորություն) is derived from the Urartian toponym Biainili (or Biaineli), which was probably pronounced as Vanele (or Vanili), and called Van (Վան) in Old Armenian, hence the names “Kingdom of Van” or “Vannic Kingdom”.
Archaeological excavations and surveys carried out in present-day Turkey’s Van Province indicate that the history of human settlement in this region goes back at least as far as 5000 BC. The Tilkitepe Mound, which is on the shores of Lake Van and a few kilometres to the south of Van Castle, is the only source of information about the oldest culture of Van.
Under the ancient name of Tushpa, Van was the capital of the Urartian kingdom in the 9th century BC. The early settlement was centered on the steep-sided bluff now known as Van Castle (Van Kalesi), close to the edge of Lake Van and a few kilometers west of the modern city. Here have been found Urartian cuneiform inscriptions dating to the 8th and 7th centuries BC. In the trilingual Behistun inscription, carved in the order of Darius the Great of Persia, the country referred to as Urartu in Babylonian is called Armenia in Old Persian.
The region came under the control of the Orontids in the 7th century BC and quickly later the Persians in the mid 6th century BC. The Van Fortress located outside Van holds an inscribed stereotyped trilingual inscription of Xerxes the Great from the 5th century BC upon a smoothed section of the rock face, some 20 metres (66 feet) above the ground near the fortress. The inscription survives in near perfect condition and is divided into three columns of 27 lines written in (from left to right) Old Persian, Babylonian, and Elamite. In 331 BC, Van was conquered by Alexander the Great and after his death became part of the Seleucid Empire. By the early 2nd century BC it was part of the Kingdom of Armenia. It became an important center during the reign of the Armenian king, Tigranes II, who founded the city of Tigranakert in the 1st century BC. In the early centuries BC, it fell to the emerging Arsacid dynasty of Parthia until the 3rd century AD. However, it also fell once to the Arsacid Dynasty of Armenia in this timespan. In the History of Armenia attributed to Movses Khorenatsi, the city is called Tosp, from Urartian Tushpa.