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Brazil

23 April 2020

Chorinho Music in Brazil 150th Anniversary

Brazil: Chorniho Music in Brazil, 23 April 2020. Image from Correios Brasil.

Technical Specifications:

Issue date : 4/23/2020
Artist : José Carlos Braga
Role : gum paste
Leaf : Block with 6 seals
Printing : 60,000 blocks
Face value : 06 stamps – First Size of the Letter (PPC)
Notice : 06
Release locations : Brasília / DF and Rio de Janeiro / RJ
Printing process : Offset + special cut in block shape
The block has the shape of a fusion between a mandolin and a tambourine. The mandolin is hollow, showing the landscape of a starry sky, with the full moon in the position of the instrument’s mouth. The landscape is complete with the moon behind Arcos da Lapa, the birthplace of bohemian carioca and where Chorinho made his home. The stamps of the most common instruments associated with Chorinho are highlighted in the block: the transverse flute, mandolin, 7-string guitar, ukulele, tambourine and clarinet. The technique used was digital art.

Choro: The Genre that Represents “The Musical Soul of the Brazilian People” * is Now Honored by Philately

Published on April 23, 2020 by Saadia Ribeiro Macedo Alves

The commemorative 150th anniversary of Chorinho will enter into circulation this Thursday, April 23rd. With art by José Carlos Braga, it is made up of a block of 6 stamps, of face value 1º Porte da Carta (R $ 2.05 each stamp). The piece has a different format, and represents the fusion between a mandolin and a tambourine, typical instruments of the Choro musical genre. The mandolin mouth is formed by the moon, which in art appears to complement the landscape of the lapa arches, a place where Chorinho developed in its early days. The six stamps bring the instruments used in Choro: transverse flute, mandolin, 7-string guitar, cavaquinho, tambourine and clarinet. This issue was made in partnership with Casa do Choro in Rio de Janeiro, responsible for signing the notice.

Choro emerged from a unique union of rhythms, its history being marked by the arrival of European musical instruments and influences with the move of the Portuguese royal family to Rio de Janeiro in 1808. They stand out as influencing the genre that would then emerge. gang, waltz and polka. But not only the European elements were important for the history of Choro, but also the incorporation of African music, specifically the lundu, a style characterized by the use of “percussion, clapping and choruses”. (DINIZ, 2003, p.17).

It was in 1870 that the first Choro ensembles started. Specifically, the flutist Joaquim Callado organized the most important group of the time, the “Choro de Callado”, formed by musicians known at the time as “Chorões”. This year is considered a historiographic landmark about the genre and, therefore, in 2020 we celebrate the 150 years of Choro in Brazil. Along with Callado, other musicians of the time were responsible for consolidating this musical style, such as pianist Henrique Alves de Mesquita, pianist Chiquinha Gonzaga (who has even been honored on a postage stamp), conductor Anacleto de Medeiros and Pianist Enersto Nazareth.

There are several versions regarding the origin of the name “Choro”. According to André Diniz, in the Almanaque do Choro, one of the theories, by conductor Batista Siqueira, indicates that the term would be the combination of the verb “chorar” and chorus (Latin word for “chorus”). The name “chorinho” is also used to refer to the genre. In 1910, both words began to be used on the labels and covers of the records to refer to the genre (RIZZI, 2016, pos.2032). This broadcast is another milestone in the dissemination of culture and musical genres, of great importance to Brazil and the world, through philately.

Virtual Crying Wheel
Day 23/4 is the National Day of Choro, date chosen in honor of the date of birth of Pixinguinha one of the exponential figures of Brazilian popular music and especially of choro. The Post Office, thinking about this moment of isolation and restrictions, invites everyone to, from today, participate in a great Virtual Choro Wheel and present the excellence of our music, our roots, our Chorinho and honor artists that are part of of this story that was consecrated with Pixinguinha. Artists like Hamilton de Holanda and his brother Fernando Cesar and great music schools, Clube do Choro and Casa do Choro, are already part of this circle. Participating is simple.

1. Choose your favorite Chorinho song,

2. Record your video with your musical performance

3. Post on social media.

You can do this in three ways:

Post: publish your recorded video as a post mark the hashtags #philately, #correiosoficial #chorinho and #150anosdoChorinho.

Stories: in your recorded video check with @correiosoficial to share and create the big wheel.

Live: if you can, spread the word before with a post and mark the hashtags #philately, #correiosoficial #chorinho and #150anosdoChorinho

* Phrase by Heitor Villa-Lobos (DINIZ, 2003 p.11)

References: DINIZ, André. Almanac do Choro. the story of chorinho, what to hear, what to read, where to enjoy. Rio de Janeiro: Zahar, 2003 RIZZI, Celso. Brazilian music. E-galaxy, 2016. Kindle edition.

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