26 February 2020
Constitutional Justice Centenary
Catalogue number: 1063
Type of stamp: Commemorative postage stamp
Date of issue: 26.02.2020
Face value/Price: 19,00 CZK
Print sheets: 50 stamps
Size (mm): 40 x 23
Graphic designer: Jan Kavan
Face value: a stamp identified with the letter B corresponding to the price of Ordinary Letter – Standard up to 50 g in domestic Economy service (current price according to the Price List of Basic Postal Services)
the two pillars of the constitutional system – democracy and law and order. The designer placed these two phrases into the ornamental heads of the pillars standing in the interior of the building of the Constitutional Court in Brno.
The present-day constitutional system did not exist in European countries until after the end of the First World War. Unlike the American concept of checks and balances, Europe followed the way of creating separate constitutional courts outside the system of courts of general jurisdiction. The main developmental stage for European constitutional systems came after the end of the Second World War. The Czechoslovak constitutional system was established soon after the creation of the independent Czechoslovak Republic. A dedicated Constitutional Court of the Czechoslovak Republic was established in 1921 pursuant to the Constitution adopted in 1920. The court, presided by Chief Justice Karel Baxa, first convened on 17 November 1921. After the dissolution of the Czechoslovak Federation, the existence of a constitutional court was embedded also in the Constitution of the Czech Republic. The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic convened for the first session on 15 July 1993 when twelve out of the fifteen justices were appointed by President Václav Havel. The seat of the court is located in Brno.
Method of printing