31 January 2020
Ludwig van Beethoven 250th Birth Anniversary
Name of edition: 250 years since the birth of Ludwig Van Beethoven
Date of issue: 01/29/2020.
Author: Nebojša Đumić
Printing technique: multicolored offset
Sticker: 8 + 1
Paper: muflep 100g
Printing company: Forum, Novi Sad
Catalog codes: 812
Perforation: 13 3/4
Face value: 1,95 KM
Circulation: 15 000
Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany, to father Johan van Beethoven, of Flemish descent, and to mother Magdalene Keferih van Beethoven. His family has been involved in music for generations – his grandfather Louis, after whom he was named, was a baritone in the court of the Cologne Electorate. Beethoven’s father was a tenor singer in the same court.
He is considered one of the greatest composers and velums of all time. Among his most famous works are the V Symphony, the VI Symphony, the IX Symphony, Misa Solemnis, piano works such as For Eliza, Sonatas Pathetic Sonata and the Moon Sonata, Piano Sonata no. 23, Apasionata or last, Piano Sonata no. 32, C minor, opus 111.
Beethoven’s first music teacher was his father. Christian Gotlob Nef taught and employed Beethoven. Leaving Bonn at the beginning of the last decade of the eighteenth century, Beethoven told him: If I ever became a great musician, it would be your merit.
After his father’s death in 1792, Beethoven moved to Vienna to study with Johann Albrechtsberger. He soon gained a reputation as a piano virtuoso and gradually, a composer. Beethoven’s finest creative age was also marked by an accident, which soon turned into an even greater impetus for artistic creation: at the age of 26, he began to lose his ear, which was why he had to end his piano career in 1808. Because of this, he also had a specific destiny as a conductor. At certain moments, an assistant had to be involved in the performance in order to save interpretation.
Beethoven’s pianist technique was revolutionary at the time. When conducting the orchestra, Beethoven would rise high, stand upright in violent and rapid sound movements, and almost bend under the counter at moderate, slow, and chanting.
As deafness became more pronounced, he endured it more and more, closing himself in, avoiding people, communicating with his friends through candles, which were later printed and sold. For the last nine years of his life, when deafness became definitive, he retired into his own world of silence, in which he creates his greatest masterpieces: Mass Solemnis, Hammerclavir Sonata, 9th Symphony and the last String Quartets.
Author: Nebojsa Dumic
Publisher: Post of Srpska a.d. Banja Luka
Collaboration: Beethoven-Haus, Bonn