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31 January 2020

Memorandum on Nature Conservation Centenary

Slovenia: Anniversaries – Centenary of the Memorandum on Nature Conservation, 31 January 2020. Image from Colnect,

Release date: 31.1.2020
Design: Zadruga.traparij
Motive: Memorandum on Nature Conservation
Print: Agencija za komercijalnu djelatnost d.o.o., Zagreb, Croatia
Technique: 4-colour offset in sheets of 25 stamps
Paper: Tullis Russell Chancellor Litho PVA RMS GUM, 102 g/m2
Perforation: Comb 14 : 14

Anniversaries – Centenary of the Memorandum on Nature Conservation
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, various nature conservation initiatives began to appear in Slovenia, just as elsewhere in Europe: the virgin forest of Rajhenavski Rog, within the great forest estates of the noble Auersperg family, was excluded from forest management; the endangered edelweiss was given protected status in Gorizia county, Carniola and Styria; and the naturalist Albin Belar prepared a catalogue of the natural monuments of Carniola.

The First World War put the brakes on nature conservation endeavours but, following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, belief in the need for nature conservation revived in the new state that emerged after the war. In the spring of 1919 the General Assembly of the Museum Society for Slovenia established a Nature Conservation Section at the proposal of the naturalist Ferdinand Seidl. On 20 January 1920 the new section drew up a document entitled Memorandum on Nature Conservation, which the Society then submitted to the government.

The Monument consisted of four points, backed by concrete proposals:

  • the establishment of protected areas (e.g. the Valley of the Triglav Lakes, the Kamnik Alps, Snežnik, the Barje wetland outside Ljubljana);
  • protection of plant and animal species (e.g. edelweiss, gentian, mulberry, lady’s slipper orchid, Alpine ibex, European pond turtle, mountain Apollo);
  • the protection of caves and life in them;
  • the popularisation of nature conservation.

The Memorandum was one of the first programmatic nature conservation documents in Europe and is still relevant today.

Peter Skoberne

Slovenia: Anniversaries – Centenary of the Memorandum on Nature Conservation (first day cover), 31 January 2020. Images from Pošta Slovenije.

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